Calculation of the overall costs of care for patients includes estimates of average direct medical costs paid to providers such as:
- investigations (i.e., pathology and imaging)
- monitoring (e.g., TSH tests, electrocardiograms)
- primary care physicians (PCP) visits
- specialist visits
- emergency department (ED) visits
- outpatient drugs costs
These were measured during the observation period. Estimated overall indirect medical costs (lost productivity).